Mammals:

 

Are in the class Mammalia within the subphylum Vertebrata.
Are warm-blooded.  They have the ability to maintain their body temperature by internal means.  The technical word for this is endothermy. Birds are the only other group of animals in the world that can do this.
Feed their babies milk
Have hair.  This unique body covering is made of keratin and grows from special cells located in the skin.  Some mammals are hairier than others.  Marine mammals such as whales may be virtually hairless.
Have a four-chambered heart.  This is the most advanced kind of heart.  It keeps the arterial (oxygenated) and venous (oxygen-depleted) blood completely separate.
Have live birth.  The monotremes (platypus and echidnas) are exceptions in that they lay eggs.  In marsupials, such as the opossum, the young are born in a very primitive state and then finish their development in an external pouch.
Have very specialized and diversified teeth.  Again, there are some exceptions (monotremes, baleen whales, e.g.) but the mammals have carried development of teeth farther than any other group of animals.
Have a diaphragm.  The diaphragm is the special muscle located below the lungs that draws air into the lungs.  This increases the efficiency of breathing.  No other type of animal has this muscle.

Currently, there are about 4,630 recognized species of mammals in the world, divided into 26 living orders.  Within Kansas 89 species are known to have occurred from 24 families in 8 orders. 

The checklist below is drawn from "A Checklist of the Vertebrate Animals of Kansas", 3rd Edition, by George D. Potts and Joseph T. Collins, published by Kansas Biological Survey (2005).  This publication is available from the Kansas University Natural History Museum, 1345 Jayhawk Blvd., Lawrence, KS 66045-7163.

The common and scientific names used for each species are from the Revised Checklist of North American Mammals North of Mexico, 2003 by Baker et al., published by the Museum of Texas Tech University, Occasional Papers Number 229 (2003).  This publication may be downloaded (10 meg pdf file) from the Texas Tech website.

For a pdf version of the Kansas list, click here Kansas mammals list (97K). 
(On a Windows system, download the file by right clicking on the link and choose "Save Target As" to save it to your hard drive, then open it from there.   You will need Acrobat Reader to view this file.  If you don't have that software already, you can get it for free from Adobe.)

The scientific name of each species follows the common name and is written in italics.   Species in red are considered extirpated from the wild in Kansas.  Species marked with an asterisk* are not native to Kansas.  

As time and resources permit, each species may have its own page which may be selected from this list.

There are species portrait pages done for the Bison, Fox Squirrel, Pronghorn and Beaver.
Range maps and population status for three other mammal species may be found in the Kansas Wildlife Refuge.

 

For basic information on 40 common and interesting Kansas mammals,
check out the MAMMAL'S DEN section of the GPNC website!

 

Order of Opossums [Didelphimorpha]
        Family Didelphidae
            Virginia Opossum - Didelphis virginiana
Order of Shrews and Moles [Insectivora]
        Family Soricidae
            Northern Short-tailed Shrew - Blarina brevicauda
            Elliot's Short-tailed Shrew - Blarina hylophaga
            Least Shrew - Cryptotis parva
            Masked Shrew - Sorex cinereus
        Family Talpidae
            Eastern Mole - Scalopus aquaticus
Order of Bats [Chiroptera]
        Family Vespertilionidae
            Pallid Bat - Antrozous pallidus
            Townsend's Big-eared Bat - Corynorhinus townsendii
            Big Brown Bat - Eptesicus fuscus
            Silver-haired Bat - Lasionycteris noctivagans
            Eastern Red Bat - Lasiurus borealis
            Hoary Bat - Lasiurus cinereus
            Western Small-footed Myotis - Myotis ciliolabrum
            Gray Myotis - Myotis grisescens
            Little Brown Myotis - Myotis lucifugus
            Northern Long-eared Myotis - Myotis septentrionalis
            Cave Myotis - Myotis velifer
            Evening Bat - Nycticeius humeralis
            Eastern Pipistrelle - Pipistrellus subflavus
        Family Molossidae
           Big Free-tailed Bat - Nyctinomops macrotis
           Brazilian Free-tailed Bat - Tadarida brasiliensis
Order of Toothless Mammals [Xenarthra]
        Family Dasypodidae
            Nine-banded Armadillo - Dasypus novemcinctus
Order of Rabbits and Hares [Lagomorpha]
        Family Leporidae
            Black-tailed Jack Rabbit - Lepus californicus
            White-tailed Jack Rabbit - Lepus townsendii
           Swamp Rabbit - Sylvilagus aquaticus
            Desert Cottontail - Sylvilagus audubonii
            Eastern Cottontail - Sylvilagus floridanus
Order of Rodents [Rodentia]
        Family Sciuridae
            Black-tailed Prairie Dog - Cynomys ludovicianus
            Southern Flying Squirrel - Glaucomys volans
            Woodchuck - Marmota monax
            Eastern Gray Squirrel - Sciurus carolinensis
            Eastern Fox Squirrel  - Sciurus niger
            Franklin's Ground Squirrel - Spermophilus franklinii
            Spotted Ground Squirrel - Spermophilus spilosoma
            Thirteen-lined Ground Squirrel - Spermophilus tridecemlineatus
            Eastern Chipmunk - Tamias striatus
        Family Geomyidae
            Yellow-faced Pocket Gopher - Cratogeomys castanops
            Plains Pocket Gopher - Geomys bursarius
        Family Heteromyidae
            Hispid Pocket Mouse - Chaetodipus hispidus
            Ord's Kangaroo Rat - Dipodomys ordii
            Plains Pocket Mouse - Perognathus flavescens
            Silky Pocket Mouse - Perognathus flavus
        Family Castoridae
            American Beaver - Castor canadensis
        Family Muridae
            Prairie Vole - Microtus ochrogaster
            Meadow Vole - Microtus pennsylvanicus
            Woodland Vole - Microtus pinetorum
            House Mouse - Mus musculus*
            Eastern Woodrat - Neotoma floridana
            Southern Plains Woodrat - Neotoma micropus
            Common Muskrat - Ondatra zibethicus
           Northern Grasshopper Mouse - Onychomys leucogaster
            Texas Mouse - Peromyscus attwateri
            White-footed Mouse - Peromyscus leucopus
            Deer Mouse - Peromyscus maniculatus
            Norway Rat - Rattus norvegicus*
            Black Rat - Rattus rattus*
            Fulvous Harvest Mouse - Reithrodontomys fulvescens
            Western Harvest Mouse - Reithrodontomys megalotis
            Plains Harvest Mouse - Reithrodontomys montanus
            Hispid Cotton Rat - Sigmodon hispidus
            Southern Bog Lemming - Synaptomys cooperi
        Family Zapodidae
            Meadow Jumping Mouse - Zapus hudsonius
        Family Erethizontidae
            Porcupine - Erithizon dorsatum
Order of Carnivores [Carnivora]
        Family Canidae
            Coyote - Canis latrans
            Gray Wolf - Canis lupus
            Common Gray Fox - Urocyon cinereoargenteus
           Swift Fox - Vulpes velox
            Red Fox - Vulpes vulpes
        Family Ursidae
            American Black Bear - Ursus americanus
            Grizzly Bear - Ursus arctos

        Family Procyonidae
            Ringtail - Bassiriscus astutus
            Northern Raccoon - Procyon lotor
        Family Mustelidae
            Northern River Otter - Lontra canadensis
            Long-tailed Weasel - Mustela frenata
            Black-footed Ferret - Mustela migripes
            Least Weasel - Mustela nivalis
            American Mink - Mustela vison
           American Badger - Taxidea taxus
        Family Mephitidae
           Striped Skunk - Mephitis mephitis
           Eastern Spotted Skunk - Spilogale putorius
        Family Felidae
            Mountain Lion - Puma concolor
            Bobcat - Lynx rufus
Order of Even-toed Hoofed Mammals [Artiodactyla]
        Family Suidae
            Wild Boar - Sus scrofa*
        Family Cervidae
            Moose - Alces alces
            Wapiti(elk) - Cervus elaphas
            Mule Deer - Odocoileus hemionus
            White-tailed Deer - Odocoileus virginianus
        Family Antilocapridae
            Pronghorn  - Antilocapra americana
        Family Bovidae
            American Bison - Bos bison (Bison are extirpated from the wild in Kansas)

 

Billy says: "This site is great!"

Follow this link to a detailed web site on the Mammals of Kansas, complete with an online key!

 

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