Arkansas Darter
Photo by Bob Gress
used by permission

Arkansas Darter
Etheostoma cragini

Federal Status:
Candidate for listing

State Status:

  • Range: Kansas range map for Arkansas Darter
    Dark Blue = Counties with designated critical habitat
    Light Blue = Historical records
  • Comments: The Arkansas darter is restricted to the greater Arkansas River drainage. It is found in clear, spring-fed streams with aquatic vegetation. These shallow-water habitats without strong current are also good places to find watercress, a vegetative cover that provides the Arkansas darter hiding places from predators. The Arkansas darter will dive head first into the muddy substrate when frightened and remain hidden by the cloud of silt suspended in the water. Spawning occurs in early spring when the male is brightly colored with an orange-red belly. Although this darter will live 3 years, most of the spawning population is in its first year. Depletion of groundwater, which results in streams going dry, is one of the major causes for the decline of the Arkansas darter. It is found in Kansas in the Spring River basin in the southeast corner of the state and several tributaries of the Arkansas River in southcentral Kansas.

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Other Fish on the Kansas T&E List

Kansas Wildlife Refuge
Text: Ed Miller and Bob Gress
Range Maps and Web Design: Jim Mason

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Great Plains Nature Center
6232 E. 29th Street North
Wichita, KS 67220-2200             Call:  316-683-5499            Fax:  316-688-9555